||The discipline of exercise physiology provides a frame of reference for the scientific evaluation of the limits of human performance across a wide spectrum of individual differences. The principle of specificity and its effects on the physiological response to exercise, conditioning and training programs is assessed in individuals with reference to age, gender and level of physical fitness. Exercising for general fitness to improve health and wellness is differentiated from training for physiological capabilities to improve physical performance in specific sports or activities. Special attention is given to exercise and sports-related injuries, and the assessment of the physiological response to rehabilitation exercise. In addition, the physiological consequences of inactivity, detraining, and immobilization are evaluated. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of health-related fitness goals, especially the effects of aerobic training and conditioning on endurance performance and cardiovascular health. The laboratory sessions provide in-depth, hands-on experience to analyze and evaluate the physiological response of young men and women to various forms of work and exercise. The laboratory also provides opportunity to evaluate tests that measure strength, muscular power and endurance, maximum anaerobic power, maximum aerobic capacity, maximum physical work capacity, and cardiovascular fitness.