Nursing Program Goals ,Objectives and Philosophy
Goals and objectives of the Nursing Program are built upon the belief that Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) programs develop a culturally-aware, technologically-sound, and competent beginning practitioner. Course, unit, classroom, and skills and clinical laboratory objectives for each Nursing course are systematically developed from the Program Objectives and provide the student with the necessary education to meet each objective in a timely manner; and for the graduate to demonstrate the ADN Roles and Competencies.
The goal of the program is to train students to become competent nurses who assist those persons that are responsible for facilitating the maintenance of health, the improvement of health status, the prevention of illness, and the alleviation of suffering.
Upon completion of the Nursing Program, graduates will:
- utilize therapeutic communication skills when interacting with clients, significant support persons and other members of the healthcare team.
- demonstrate clinical decision-making skills that reflect evidence-based nursing care of clients and significant support persons.
- utilize the nursing process to provide individualized care to clients and significant support persons throughout the lifespan.
- demonstrate, through nursing practice, belief in the innate value of each individual within his/her unique cultural heritage.
- develop individualized teaching plans that utilize principles of teaching and learning for clients and significant support persons.
- collaborate with the client, significant support persons, nursing colleagues and other members of the interdisciplinary health care team to evaluate achievement of positive client outcomes.
- apply principles of client care management in the delegation of basic nursing procedures to qualified assistive personnel.
- utilize nursing informatics and other forms of technologies to deliver optimal client care.
- demonstrate an awareness of nursing research findings and data collection methods as a means of advancing the professional knowledge base of nursing.
- facilitate the continuity of care for clients within and among a variety of health care settings.
- participate in lifelong learning.
- assess the client's health status by completing a health history and performing physical, cognitive, psychosocial, and functional assessment.
- practice within the ethical, legal, and regulatory frameworks of Nursing and standards of professional Nursing.
The Department of Nursing's philosophy is based upon the relationships among the concepts of the individual, health, the environment and nursing as adapted from Orem’s Self Care Theory and the values of Touro College.
We believe that:
- The individual is a rational, biopsychosocial being with spiritual dimensions. Each individual is responsible for self-care through maintenance of life, health, and well-being. This capability allows an individual deliberately to learn and perform actions for survival, health and well-being. Factors affecting learning may include age, mental capacity, culture, societal conditions, and the individual’s development or emotional state. Individuals dynamically move toward maturation and achievement of their full human potential by integrating physical, psychological, interpersonal and social aspects of their lives. To accomplish this they must reflect upon themselves and their environments and provide input to both self and environment. Individuals gather in groups or structured relationships. These relationships both define and support self care. Individuals have the power to act deliberately in order to identify their own needs and the needs of others. The manner by which an individual meets self-care needs is not instinctual, but is a learned behavior. If any individual is unable or unwilling to learn, others must learn for and/or provide for that individual’s self-care. Likewise, when an individual has therapeutic self-care demands that he or she cannot meet, others with knowledge and skill must provide the means to meet those demands.
- Health is used to describe living things when they are structurally and functionally whole or sound. The physical, psychological, interpersonal and social aspects of health are inseparable in the individual; a judgment is being made on the basis of data about a person and his or her ability to maintain self-care. An individual’s overall state of health is not necessarily modified by temporary changes in the state of wellness. Ideally, health is the responsibility of both a society and its individual members and not of any one segment of that society. The individual’s health state is regarded as a factor that may impose new or different demands for self-care on the individual. Illness, disability, and disease, in particular, may impose therapeutic self-care demands that exceed the individual’s self-care agency and create a self-care deficit.
- The environment is the realm in which individuals exist. The interaction between the environment and people affects health, well-being, growth and development positively or negatively throughout the life cycle. The reciprocal relationship between the person and environment is influenced by both internal and external factors. Internal factors include the biological, psychological and spiritual attributes of the person, while external factors comprise physical, chemical, socio-cultural, economic, political, legal, ethical, and organizational elements.
- Nursing is a profession that focuses on the promotion of health, while affirming the dignity and worth of the individual. Nursing helps individuals continuously to know and meet their own therapeutic self-care demands through health maintenance. Nursing care is based on professional standards, ethics, competencies and knowledge drawn from the natural, social, biological sciences and the humanities, as well as nursing’s own body of knowledge.