||The theoretical and clinical competencies necessary to address the needs of individuals with cluttering. This course introduces students to major theories about the neural and environmental bases of cluttering, and the definitions, development, etiology, and prevalence of cluttering. This theoretical foundation is supplemented with clinical practice for evidence-based diagnosis and treatment of the multifaceted symptoms of cluttering both in the clinical and educational (school-based) setting. Differentiating cluttering from other communication disorders, such as stuttering, language learning and articulatory disorders, autism, ADHD, and apraxia, is highlighted. Students learn a variety of assessment and treatment approaches for clients of all ages, including those who manifest concomitant disorders.